Thì quá khứ tiếp diễn (Past continuous)

Mẫu câu ví dụ về thì quá khứ tiếp diễn

Yesterday Tim and Tina played badminton. They started at 9 o’clock and finished at 11.30.

So, at 10.30 they were playing badminton.

=> Như vậy là tại thời điểm 10.30 là họ đang chơi cầu lông. Hành động chơi chưa dứt nhưng nó nằm ở trong quá khứ

Cấu trúc thì quá khứ tiếp diễn

Was/were + V-ing

l/he/she/it
we/you/they
was
were
playing
doing
working

I was doing something = I was in the middle of doing something at a certain time.

The action or situation had already started before this time, but had not finished:

  • This time last year I was living in Brazil.
  • What were you doing at 10 o’clock last night?
  • I waved to Helen, but she wasn’t looking.

So sánh quá khứ tiếp diễn và quá khứ đơn:

Quá khứ tiếp diễn (vị trí giữa trong quá khứ)

  • I was walking home when I met Dan. (in the middle of walking home)
  • Kate was watching TV when we arrived.

Quá khứ đơn (hành động diễn ra xong rồi)

  • I walked home after the party last night. (= all the way, completely)
  • Kate watched television a lot when she was ill last year.

We often use the past simple and the past continuous together to say that something happened in the middle of something else:
(Chúng ta thường sử dụng thì quá khứ đơn và quá khứ tiếp diễn cùng nhau để nói rằng một cái gì đó đã xảy ra ở giữa một cái gì đó khác)

  • Matt phoned while we were having dinner.
  • It was raining when I got up.
  • I saw you in the park yesterday. You were sitting on the grass and reading a book. I hurt my back while I was working in the garden.

But we use the past simple to say that one thing happened after another:
(Nhưng chúng ta sử dụng quá khứ đơn để nói rằng điều này xảy ra sau điều khác)

  • I was walking along the road when I saw Dan. So i stopped, and we had a chat.

So sánh:

When Karen arrived, we were having dinner. (= we had already started before she arrived)

When Karen arrived, we had dinner. (= Karen arrived, and then we had dinner)

Some verbs (for example, know and want) are not normally used in the continuous:
(Một số động từ (for example, know and want) thường không được sử dụng trong thì tiếp diễn)

  • We were good friends. We knew each other well. (not We were knowing)
  • I was enjoying the party, but Chris wanted to go home. (not was wanting)