Thì hiện tại đơn (Present simple)

Mô tả tình huống nhận dạng thì hiện tại đơn:

He drives a taxi.

Cấu trúc thì hiện tại đơn là:

Động từ nguyên mẫu : Drive

Động từ thêm (s) sau: Drives (nếu chủ ngữ là số ít)

l/we/you/they drive/work/do …
he/she/it drives/works/does … (thêm s vào sau động từ, do chủ ngữ số ít)

Ví dụ:

Alex is a taxi driver, but now he is in bed asleep.

He is not driving a taxi. (He is asleep.) but He drives a taxi. (He is a taxi driver.)

We use the present simple to talk about things in general. We use it to say that something happens all the time or repeatedly, or that something is true in general:
(Chúng ta sử dụng thì hiện tại đơn để nói về mọi thứ chung chung. – nói về điều gì đó xảy ra mọi lúc hoặc lặp đi lặp lại, hoặc điều gì đó nói chung là đúng hiển nhiên):

  • Nurses look after patients in hospitals.
  • I usually go away at weekends.
  • The earth goes round the sun.
  • The cafe opens at 7.30 in the morning.

Remember:

I work… but He works… They teach… but My sister teaches

Chúng ta sử dụng “do / does” để đặt câu hỏi:

Do
Does
l/we/you/they
he/she/it
work?
drive?
do?

Chúng ta sử dụng “do / does” để đặt phủ định:

l/we/you/they
he/she/it
Do not
Does not
work?
drive?
do?

Ví dụ:

  • I come from Australia. Where do you come from?
  • I don’t go away very often.
  • What does this word mean? (not What means this word?)
  • Rice doesn’t grow in cold climates

In the following examples, do is also the main verb (do you do / doesn’t do etc.):

  • ‘What do you do?’ ‘I work in a shop.’
  • He’s always so lazy. He doesn’t do anything to help.

We use the present simple to say how often we do things:

  • I get up at 8 o’clock every morning.
  • How often do you go to the dentist?
  • Julie doesn’t drink tea very often.
  • Robert usually goes away two or three times a year.

I promise / I apologise …

Sometimes we do things by saying something. Forexample, when you promise to do something, you can say ‘I promise …’; when you suggest something, you can say ‘I suggest…’:

  • I promise I won’t be late. (not I’m promising)
  • What do you suggest I do? I suggest that you …

In the same way we say: I apologise … / I advise … / I insist… / I agree … / I refuse ..