Present continuous and present simple 1

Phân tính so sánh thì hiện tại tiếp diễn và hiện tại đơn

Rất dễ nhầm lẫn 2 thì này với nhau

Present continuous (I am doing)

We use the continuous for things happening at or around the time of speaking.

The action is not complete.

  • The water is boiling. Can you turn it off?
  • Listen to those people. What language are they speaking?
  • Let’s go out. It isn’t raining now.
  • I am busy. What are you doing?
  • I’m getting hungry. Let’s go and eat.
  • Kate wants to work in Italy, so she’s learning Italian.
  • The population of the world is increasing very fast.

We use the continuous for temporary situations:

  • I’m living with some friends until I find a place of my own.
  • a: You’reworkinghard today.
    b : Yes, 1have a lot to do.

Present simple (I do)

We use the simple for things in general or things that happen repeatedly ……………………….

The action in general

  • Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.
  • Excuse me, do you speak English?
  • It doesn’t rain very much in summer.
  • What do you usually do at weekends?
  • I always get hungry in the afternoon.
  • Most peopLe learn to swim when they are children.
  • Every day the population of the world increases by about 200,000 people.

We use the simple for permanent situations:

  • My parents live in London. They have lived there all their lives.
  • Joe isn’t lazy. He works hard most of the time.

I always do and I’m always doing

I always do (something) = I do it every time:
– I always go to work by car. (not I’m aLways going)

‘I am always doing something’ has a different meaning.

For example:

Ví dụ:

  • You’re always playing computer games. You should do something more active. (=You play computer games too often)
  • Sim is never satisfied. He’s always complaining. (= He complains too much)